Winter is the cold, dry season and the skin loses moisture in the atmosphere. It is therefore necessary to know how to protect babies, especially newborns, from the winter cold.
According to a pediatrician, the baby should be dressed in diapers in winter. Keep your head, hands and feet warm. Avoid synthetic materials. Use cotton, flannel and wool. At the same time, clothes and coverings should be adjusted if it is hot in the room or if a radiator is turned on. If the baby is too hot, it can be uncomfortable. If a heater is on in the room, keep half a bucket of water in the room for humidity. Avoid heavy blankets or quilts for the baby. It is better to have two light covers than a very heavy one.
A baby’s skin is very tender and has to get used to the winter cold. It can get dry easily. Some common complaints that babies suffer from are chapped skin, sensitive noses, and rubbed elbows. The skin can be easily irritated, with redness and even burning. Moisture in the diaper area also causes irritation and sensitivity to the skin. A scaly scalp condition known as “cradle cap” is also common in babies.
Baby massage is probably the most important part of baby care. Besides the benefits for the body, massage plays an important role in healthy emotional development. Studies show that massage gives babies a sense of security and mental well-being. The power of touch is a nourishing power and our need is just as great. Touch is the first sense that develops. Inside the womb, the baby feels touch all the time. Studies have also shown that babies who are massaged regularly are more active and have fewer health problems. You can use baby oil from a reputable company or use pure olive oil to massage the baby. Oils with heavy scents should not be used.
Remove rings and other such items before massaging and bathing the baby to avoid injury. It is also best to keep your fingernails short. If it’s winter, make sure the room is warm. Apply the oils in the correct amount, so that friction does not damage baby’s skin. Simple stroking motions should be used and make sure the baby’s arms and legs are not pulled too tightly. All movements should be fluid and rhythmic. Sudden, jerky movements can frighten the baby. The head and face should not be massaged. Take care around the umbilical cord area, especially during the first few weeks. The baby should not be massaged in case of fever or illness. Seek advice from your doctor first.
During the first months, the baby has practically no physical activity. Thus, massage promotes blood circulation, muscle tone and growth. The practice of leaving the baby in the sun, after the massage, for ten minutes, helps the formation of vitamin D. However, the baby should not stay too long in the sun, as this can cause sunburn. In addition, the head and face should be out of direct sunlight. In winter, the baby should be well dressed for the winter and the sun.
Bathing the baby is necessary for hygiene, although you do not need to bathe him every day in winter. Baby’s bath water should be lukewarm and not too hot. Check the heat of the water with your elbow, before placing the baby in the tub. Avoid keeping the baby too long in the water – about 8-10 minutes should be enough. Babies also develop a scaly condition on the scalp. Scales should not be removed. They should be softened by applying baby oil with cotton wool. Then wash the hair and scalp, using a baby shampoo “without tears”, which does not sting the eyes. Care should be taken when washing the baby’s scalp, pouring water back and forth, so that the water does not fall on the face. After bathing, use baby lotion or cream. Use less powder in the diaper area, as it can get into the crevices of the skin or can make the skin dry.
Taking care of your baby, giving the daily massage and bath can be a wonderful way to communicate with your baby, eliminating the need for words.